Greenling or marine lenoks - Hexagrammidae
Atka mackerel (Pleurogrammus monopterygius Rus.- Terpug severny odnopery)
It lives in Bering sea, near the Aleutians, Kuril and Commander Islands, and also near south-western and south-eastern coasts of Kamchatka. A distinguishing feature of atka mackerel is a long solid back fin without any hollow that divide it into two parts. There are four lateral lines by each side. Males are greenish-grey with vertical streaks; females are brownish-grey. In spawning period males obtain yellow-orange coloring and the vertical streaks turn intensively grey. Females do not change their color.
It can reach 51 cm (20”) of length, 2 kg (4.4 lb) of weight, and age of 15 years. At average take fish is 30-40 cm (12-16”) of length and .45-.8 kg (1-1.8 lb) in the age of 4-7 years.
It winters down to 300-500 m (1,000-1,640 ft) and it usually deconcentrates. In the beginning of spring warming in March-April atka mackerel starts to migrate to coastal waters. By late March schools appear down to 200-250 m (650-820 ft) and in April they get to the shelf.
In coastal waters of south-eastern Kamchatka and in Avacha gulf atka mackerel appear in mid of May and it can be found here in big amounts from May to October. Mass coming of atka mackerel is connected with spawning in June-October. Reproduction occurs in depth less than 20 m (66 ft), in rocky ground, in places with strong current with temperature of 1-5С (33.8-41F).
Alaska greenling, Masked greenling (Hexagrammos octogrammus, Rus. - Buryi terpug)
Alaska greenling or masked greenling has a solid body of greenish-brown color, a long back fin with a hollow which divides prickly and soft rays, four lateral lines. It lives all over Kamchatka coastal waters.
It's length is up to 45 cm (18”) and weight about 1 kg (2.2 lb), but more often fish up to 35 cm (13.9”) and .5 kg (1.1 lb) are found. It performs seasonal migrations to coastal waters in spring for mostly rocky ground covered with aquatic vegetation and in depth in fall. It spawns to the end of summer – in August-September.
It is not important for marketing but good for amateur and sport fishing.
Rock greenling (Hexagrammos lagocephalus, Rus. – Terpug zaitsegolovy)
Rock greenling is close to Alaska greenling by coloring but there are reddish colors prevail, from dark cherry to bright orange. It lives in the same areas like Alaska greenling. Rock greenling can be as long as 61 cm (24”). It spawns in summer time in coastal area. Rock greenling is good for sport fishing.
Whitespotted greenling, Common greenling (Hexagrammos stelleri, Rus. – pyatnisty terpug)
Whitespotted greenling has a very broad range covering coastal waters of northern part of Pacific ocean including the coldest gulfs.
It is a marine coastal fish, sometimes it enters estuaries of rivers. It often is found on rocky ground, but sometimes it appear in shallow waters of beaches. It can be as long as 45 cm (18”); at average take fish is 25-35 cm (9.8-13.8”) of length and up to .9 kg (2 lb). It spawns in August-September. In fall it goes to depth.
Whitespotted greenling is good for sport fishing.